Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common and serious oral health condition that affects the tissues surrounding the teeth. It is caused by bacterial plaque buildup on the teeth and gums, leading to inflammation and infection. If left untreated, periodontal disease can result in gum recession, bone loss, and even tooth loss.
The early stage of periodontal disease is confined to the gum tissues and not affecting the bone supporting the teeth. It is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. As the disease begins to extend below the gumline, gum pockets formation occurs. The supporting bone may also start to be affected. If left untreated, significant bone loss will lead to tooth mobility and eventual tooth loss.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease:
- Red, swollen, and tender gums
- Bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing
- Persistent bad breath (halitosis)
- Gum recession or tooth sensitivity
- Formation of gum pockets
- Loose or shifting teeth
- Changes in the way teeth fit together during biting or chewing
Root debridement, also known as deep cleaning, is a dental procedure performed by a dental hygienist or dentist to treat gum disease (periodontal disease). It is a non-surgical technique aimed at removing plaque, tartar (calculus), and bacterial toxins from the root surfaces of teeth, below the gumline. Root debridement is recommended for individuals with periodontitis.
The procedure involves administration of local anesthesia to the areas being treated so the patient is comfortable. The dental hygienist or dentist then uses specialized dental instruments to access the root surfaces below the gumline, removing plaque, tartar and bacterial toxins from the root surfaces. In some cases, an antimicrobial agent may be applied to the treated areas to further reduce bacterial activity and promote healing.
Root debridement is a crucial procedure for managing gum disease and promoting overall oral health. Regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings, including root debridement, when necessary, are essential components of preventive dental care and maintaining healthy gums and teeth.
If you have signs of gum disease or concerns about your gum health, consult with our professional dentists and dental hygienist to determine if root debridement is the appropriate treatment for your specific needs.